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Ne pensez pas que j’ai choisi de verser dans la facilité. Simplement, certains sujets sont mieux traités, sourcés, documentés et synthétisés par d’autres personnes. Les paraphraser ne servirait qu’à ajouter du bruit.
Ces 2 articles, outre leur propre valeur, sont riches en liens très intéressants (l’Or du Web, n’est-ce pas ?).
Suddenly the Web was there. For those who remember a time before the Web, around 25 years ago, getting online for the first time was like getting a passport to a new world.
The number of webpages was still small enough that you could organise them in topic indexes, and you had the feeling that you were contributing to its greatness every time you created a webpage or posted a comment. We weren’t just exploring a new world, we were building it together. Today, people are creating, uploading and sharing information like never before, but the Web is so vast that our individual contributions feel like drops in the ocean. Our input is valuable only for a moment, before it is washed over by other sights, sounds and impressions.
Anyone who arrives on the Web for the first time today is confronted with its enormity. How can something so big once have been small? We take the Web for granted. We don’t appreciate how lucky we are that it was designed to be so free and open that anyone could build a website or send an email, that anyone could describe an injustice and have a realistic chance at being heard worldwide. We don’t really understand how it works or where it came from or why we need to protect it. Some of us don’t even know that there is a Web beyond Facebook.
Like the oceans, the Web is polluted. We have allowed all kinds of big industry and sewage to pollute its waters. And like the environmental movements of the world, we now need to untangle where the damage comes from, educate people about what they stand to lose, and work on the regulatory frameworks that will protect the Web’s delicate ecosystems.
As Berners-Lee noted, he’d built atop things that already worked, such as the domain name system and TCP/IP. He took what we now call the “cloud” as a given and added, among other things, HTML for display and URLs (these are “names, not places,” he stressed). And then the rest of us built atop his and others’ work, connecting computers and devices that had little in common except their agreement to understand each others’ data. We didn’t have to worry about how data would get from one place to another. It just did.
Fast forward, through the emergence of giant web-centric companies like Google, Facebook, Twitter, and Salesforce. We find ourselves in the silo era. Data and service silos hold what we do—our work, our play, our very thoughts— hostage, even as they provide genuine convenience and value in other ways. Mobile devices exacerbate the problem. Many mobile apps are essentially browsers that work on a single website. Add government and telecom control-freakery to the mix, and it’s all too easy to worry that we may already have lost.